John Y. Lawrence received his PhD in Music History and Theory from the University of Chicago in 2020. He previously served as an adjunct professor at the University of Notre Dame and the University of Illinois at Chicago. His primary research focuses on performance analysis, theories of meaning, and Formenlehre in music of the long 19th century. Additionally, he writes on American popular music of early 20th century, especially Tin Pan Alley. His article “Toward a Predictive Theory of Theme Types” was published in the April 2020 issue of the Journal of Music Theory. His current book project, titled Listening in Color, investigates the use of instrumental sonority as an expressive tool for composers, listeners, and performers of early Romantic music.